法學期刊
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論著名稱:
「安全港」的需求與挑戰-從著作權法及數位中介服務法草案談起(The Safe Harbor’s Demands and Challenges: From the Perspectives of Copyright Act and Drafted Digital Intermediary Service Act)
文獻引用
編著譯者: 謝祖松
出版日期: 2022.11
刊登出處: 台灣/銘傳大學法學論叢第 37 期/33-78 頁
頁  數: 45 點閱次數: 275
下載點數: 180 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 謝祖松
關 鍵 詞: 著作權法數位中介服務法通知/取下內容自律言論自由人工智慧平臺問責
中文摘要: 安全港機制不僅適用在著作權法,應擴大適用至商標法、專利法及營業秘密法等規範之其他種類創作標的;亦應擴大適用至其他種類之網路平臺,如社群平臺及虛擬環境等;管制方式仍宜以個別立法進行;平臺業者是「最小成本的可避免者」,應予問責。
數中法應制定來規範非創作標的,其連線服務包含社群平臺,但尚未規範虛擬平臺;該草案參考「馬尼拉原則」及「聖塔克拉拉原則」,擬對平臺業者問責,但不負主動調查或監控違法活動之義務;其擬規定「知悉涉違法內容後,立即移除該資訊或限制其接取」,並有暫時加註警示規定。
人工智慧的涉入,也帶來挑戰也帶來幫助,例如,會衍生例如權利主體問題及保護標的問題等,但人工智慧協助內容自律,另應建立「對人工智慧的異議權」,以確保對吾人的保障。
英文關鍵詞: Copyright ActDigital Intermediary Service ActNotice and TakedownContent ModerationFreedom of SpeechArtificial IntelligencePlatform Accountability
英文摘要: The Safe Harbor mechanism shall apply not only to Copyright Law, but also to other types of creative subject matters regulated by Trademark Act, Patent Act and Trade Secret Act; It should also be extended to other types of online platforms, such as social media platforms and virtual realty; The mode of control should still be carried out by individual legislation; Platform operators are “the lowest cost avoiders” and should be held accountable.
The drafted Digital Intermediary Service Act should be formulated to regulate non-creative subject matters, and its connection services include social media platforms, but virtual platforms have not yet been encompassed; The draft refers to the Manila Principles and the Santa Clara Principles, which intend to hold platform operators accountable, but not to actively investigate or monitor illegal activities; It intends to stipulate that “after becoming aware of the illegal content, immediately remove the information or restrict its access”, and has a temporary warning provision.
The involvement of artificial intelligence brings both challenges and helps, for example, it will give rise to issues such as rights holders and The issue of protecting the subject matter, but AI assists in content moderation, and a “right of objection to AI” should be established to ensure the protection to general public.
目  次: 壹、前言
貳、創作標的對安全港的需求與挑戰-從著作權法談起
一、創作標的、平臺種類及規範方式之需求
二、「通知/取下」的挑戰
三、人工智慧的挑戰
參、非創作標的對安全港的需求與挑戰-從數位中介服務法草案談起
一、非創作標的、平臺種類及規範方式之需求
二、「內容自律」的挑戰
三、人工智慧的挑戰
肆、結論
相關法條:
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相關論著:
謝祖松,「安全港」的需求與挑戰-從著作權法及數位中介服務法草案談起,銘傳大學法學論叢,第 37 期,33-78 頁,2022年11月。
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