法學期刊
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論著名稱:
論保險契約解釋-以防疫保單理賠爭議為中心(A Study on the Interpretation of Insurance Contract: Focusing on the Insurance Claim of Pandemic Policies)
文獻引用
編著譯者: 賴煥升
出版日期: 2023.07
刊登出處: 台灣/國立中正大學法學集刊第 80 期/57-110 頁
頁  數: 54 點閱次數: 239
下載點數: 216 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 中正大學法律學系 授權者指定不分配權利金給作者)
關 鍵 詞: 防疫保單保險理賠保單條款解釋通常意義疑義不利保險人解釋原則合理期待原則
中文摘要: 所謂防疫保單,係指因感染法定傳染病、或因法定傳染病遭受隔離或檢疫措施,得依約請領保險金給付之保險契約。於 2022 年,保險業界因防疫保單之理賠申請產生財務重大衝擊,並衍生眾多保險理賠之法律爭議,諸如快篩陽性是否視同確診,得請領確診理賠給付;居家照護是否視同住院,得請領住院醫療理賠給付;隔離、居家隔離或集中檢疫等定義,是否符合防疫保單理賠給付要件等。基此,本文遂以保險契約解釋原則與方法,就防疫保單保險理賠之法律爭議為探討,並參酌美國、日本及臺灣保險法制對於保險契約解釋原則與方法之司法實務見解適用情形,對於現行防疫保單理賠爭議為分析,期可供為日後保險業界暨司法實務之運用。
英文關鍵詞: Pandemic PoliciesInsurance ClaimInterpretation of Insurance ContractPlain Meaning RuleAmbiguity RuleReasonable Expectations Doctrine
英文摘要: The insurance industry has experienced a tremendous impact from the pandemic policies in 2022. The COVID-related infectious disease insurance policies, or the so-called pandemic policies, have caused insurers facing financial loss for unforeseeable claim application. Additionally, plenty of insurance claim disputes have increased due to the interpretation of pandemic insurance contract clauses in insured peril, such as whether a positive result on the rapid test can be deemed as a confirmation of COVID-19 infection or not; whether the home health care can be qualified as an inhospital treatment. Other disputes also include the definition of homebased quarantine, group quarantine, house-isolation, and isolation care. Therefore, this research paper focus on legal issues between interpretation of insurance contract and the insurance claim of pandemic policies in insured peril. Furthermore, this research paper analyzes the relevant judicial opinions of U.S., Japan and Taiwan. The author hopes this research paper would support the relevant legal disputes on insurance claim practice and the judicial practice.
目  次: 壹、問題緣起
貳、美國保險法制
  一、契約條款之構成與解釋
  二、疑義不利保險人解釋原則與例外
  三、合理期待原則
參、日本保險法制
  一、客觀解釋原則
  二、擬約者不利原則
  三、公益考量解釋原則
肆、臺灣保險法制
  一、一般解釋原則
  二、疑義不利保險人解釋原則
  三、被保險人合理期待原則
  四、保險制度本質考量之契約解釋
  五、保險契約解釋與保險業務招攬行為
  六、保險契約解釋方法之比較與補充
伍、防疫保單之理賠爭議分析
  一、確診給付之理賠爭議
  二、住院醫療給付之理賠爭議
  三、隔離給付之理賠爭議
  四、其他事項
陸、結語
相關法條:
相關判解:
相關函釋:
相關論著:
賴煥升,論保險契約解釋-以防疫保單理賠爭議為中心,國立中正大學法學集刊,第 80 期,57-110 頁,2023年07月。
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